WikiBooks: Wars of Roses Wikimedia Foundation

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Published: July 17th 2011

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WikiBooks: Wars of Roses  by  Wikimedia Foundation

WikiBooks: Wars of Roses by Wikimedia Foundation
July 17th 2011 | Nook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 0 pages | ISBN: | 9.61 Mb

The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic civil wars for the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the houses of Lancaster and York (the red and the white rose, respectively).MoreThe Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic civil wars for the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the houses of Lancaster and York (the red and the white rose, respectively). They were fought in several sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1485, although there was related fighting both before and after this period.

The final victory went to a relatively remote Lancastrian claimant, Henry Tudor, who defeated the last Yorkist king Richard III and married Edward IVs daughter Elizabeth of York to unite the two houses. The House of Tudor subsequently ruled England and Wales for 117 years.Henry of Bolingbroke had established the House of Lancaster on the throne in 1399 when he deposed his cousin Richard II and was crowned as Henry IV.

Bolingbrokes son Henry V maintained the familys hold on the crown, but when Henry V died, his heir was the infant Henry VI. The Lancastrian claim to the throne descended from John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, the fourth son of Edward III. Henry VIs right to the crown was challenged by Richard, Duke of York, who could claim descent from Edwards third and fifth sons, Lionel of Antwerp and Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.

Richard of York, who had held several important offices of state, quarrelled with prominent Lancastrians at court and with Henry VIs queen, Margaret of Anjou.



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